Mississippi Soybean Acres and Yields

Posted by Larry Heatherly

Each year, the MSPB solicits proposals for activities that are designed to enhance production on the state’s soybean acres.  Even though it is only July, it is not too early to assess just where these acres are located and how those acres yield in order to determine where these activities should be located to do the most good in the coming years.

Soybean county estimates for 2012 compiled by NASS give a definitive location and yield picture to aid in this determination.  A summary of that information is shown in the below table.

Location of and Yield from Mississippi Soybean Acres, 2012
County

Harvested Acres

Yield per acre

North Delta (NASS District 10)

Bolivar

238,000

46.3

Coahoma

106,000

44.0

Quitman

85,000

34.7

Tallahatchie

118,000

33.9

Tunica

94,000

31.9

Total/Average

641,000

40.0

South Delta (NASS District 40)

Humphreys

79,000

46.8

Issaquena

50,200

51.4

Leflore

111,500

54.8

Sharkey

68,400

54.8

Sunflower

196,500

51.6

Washington

189,500

57.4

Yazoo

55,900

46.7

Total/Average

751,000

53.0

North Central (NASS District 20)

Benton

13,700

33.6

Calhoun

19,200

43.0

Desoto

36,000

30.6

Marshall

24,400

35.9

Panola

45,000

37.1

Tate

17,800

30.2

Other Counties

18,200

35.7

Total/Average

174,300

35.1

Northeast (NASS District 30)

Alcorn

11,600

42.2

Itawamba

13,700

42.3

Lee

41,700

37.1

Pontotoc

22,000

38.4

Prentiss

21,000

35.2

Tippah

10,400

34.4

Tishmingo

2,700

40.4

Union

20,600

40.8

Total/Average

143,700

38.3

East Central (NASS District 60)

Chickasaw

28,200

42.0

Clay

8,500

45.3

Lowndes

12,900

39.2

Monroe

34,600

42.4

Noxubee

19,100

47.6

Other Counties

3,000

44.0

Total/Average

106,300

43.1

Central (NASS District 50)

Attala

3,450

46.1

Carroll

9,850

48.8

Holmes

28,300

50.4

Madison

14,200

44.6

Montgomery

3,250

45.2

Rankin

6,750

47.9

Scott

5,750

46.6

Other Counties

5,350

40.7

Total/Average

76,900

47.5

Southeast (NASS District 70)

Hinds

8,600

49.0

Jefferson

4,600

48.9

Warren

18,200

46.2

Other Counties

17,600

44.7

Total/Average

49,000

46.4

It is obvious from the above data that average soybean yields are quite different among the counties within a region (e.g. North Central) and among the different regions (e.g. North and South Delta).  There is little doubt that rainfall patterns and irrigation play a significant part in these yield differences.

However, it is quite probable that other factors play a part in these yield differences as well.  Identifying those factors and planning activities to address them should be a part of any research and/or extension effort within each region.

I encourage those who plan to submit proposals requesting funding from the MSPB to consider the above data when making those requests so that significant problems in all regions of the state can be addressed and solved.

Composed by Larry G. Heatherly, July 2013, larryheatherly@bellsouth.net

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